Course descriptions are designed to depict each course content in understandable items to aid the student in a complete comprehension of requisite studies to attain the objectives of the program.
This course provides an overview of the rules of grammar and the fundamentals of writing. The student will begin by studying contemporary college learning. Emphasis will be on usage rather than on grammar per se. Students will write several essays, including descriptive, comparative, definitive, narrative, and cause/effect. How to select a topic and how to write a thesis statement, an introduction, body, and conclusion will be examined. The student will also demonstrate the ability to write both topic and sentence outlines.
This course is designed to refine the writing skills learned by students in English Grammar and Composition and to apply these skills to business situations. Students will learn the communication process and their role in it. They will become familiar with the tools that business writers use when preparing messages. Students will also learn and apply the principles of business communication. Writing with accuracy, clarity, and a positive tone are among the topics covered. Students will also be required to prepare a resume and write a cover letter. In preparation for a research paper, students will review such topics as how to select a subject, how to write an effective thematic, introduction, body and conclusion. Students will also review how to write and utilize an outline. Proper use of APA formats will also be examined.
This course is designed to provide a survey of sociology. The course will include a presentation of sociological theories and perspectives, the roots of sociology as an empirical science, sociological research, culture, socialization, social interaction, deviance, and social structure, how socialization happens and social interaction.
The student will survey the evolution of psychology and the research methods employed by psychologists. Major psychological perspectives, theories, and theorists will be studied. The course will examine learning processes, human development across the life span, motivation, emotion, personality, social behavior, group processes, psychological disorders, and psychotherapy. Stress and coping and their relationships to health will be examined.
This course will survey history from the earliest American civilizations through the period leading up to the American Civil War. The student will become familiar with the various early peoples migrating into North America from Europe, Africa, and Asia. Other topics include American Colonial life, the development of the U. S. Constitution, westward expansion, American Indian relations, slavery, reform movements, the Mexican-American War, and the Antebellum South. The course will also describe the events leading up to and the aftermath of the American Civil War.
This course will survey history since 1877. The student will become familiar with; Reconstruction and the New South, Industrialization, Urbanization, The Great Depression, World War 2, the “Atomic Age”, and Cold War Era, Civil Rights Movement, Vietnam War and the rise of global terrorism will be addressed.
This course is designed to develop the ability of the student to use general mathematical skills in the business setting. Accounting applications, percentages in business, computation of interest, discounts, commissions, mark-up, and the determination of selling price are examined. Other areas surveyed include business and personal insurance, depreciation, inventory, payroll, and business financial statements. The course concludes with advanced mathematical applications and math in employment tests.
This course of study will introduce the student to American business today. The student will explore the foundations of business, ethics and social responsibilities, global business and the types of business ownership. Human resources, management, and organization procedures will be examined, as well as the impact of marketing and advertising in shaping modern business practices. The student will be introduced to finance and investment, including money and banking, financial management, securities markets, and investments. The course concludes with a study of the business environment with respect to government regulations, introduction to business law, and careers in business.
This course of study will introduce the student to the fundamentals of science, the scientific method, the chemical basis of life, several chemistry principles, the metric system, and the biology of cells. The student will also examine the principles of energy and its sources and will end the quarter with animal reproduction and development.
This course of study will introduce the student to the various human organ systems. The student will be introduced to basic anatomical terms, including the anatomical position, directional terms, and gross anatomical regions and planes. The student will briefly survey pathological concepts, including causes and effects of some diseases, and will learn common prefixes and suffixes associated with anatomy and pathology.
The student of funeral service is exposed to the study of the human body using the Systemic Anatomy approach. The first quarter of study begins with a presentation of basic anatomical vocabulary and organization concepts. The systems of the skin, skeleton, and muscles are examined in detail.
The study of the structures of the human body continues with a detailed investigation of the circulatory system. This study includes the examination of the heart, blood, arteries, veins, and lymphatic system of an adult. In addition, the circulatory system of a fetus is also examined. The conclusion of the study of funeral service anatomy will focus on the structures and functions of the endocrine, digestive, urinary, respiratory, nervous and reproductive systems of the human body. Prerequisite: PHT 334.
The first quarter of study introduces the student of funeral service to the basic vocabulary utilized by the professional embalmer. The need and purpose of embalming, as well as the responsibilities, conduct, and qualities of the professional embalmer are discussed. The structure of a preparation room and the typical devices and instruments used will be discussed as well as the presentation of the various historical devices used to inject arterial fluid into the body. In addition, the chemicals that are used in the embalming process are presented. The quarter continues with a study of the governmental agencies and the regulations that govern the embalming of dead human remains. This quarter of the study of embalming examines both the physical and chemical changes, as well as the ante-mortem and post-mortem processes that typically occur in a human being prior to embalming. To complement the student’s knowledge of bone structure, muscles and the circulatory system, detailed linear guides, anatomical limits, and anatomical guides used to locate the major blood vessels used in the embalming of a human body are examined. The quarter concludes with the concept of proper embalming analysis. This analysis will be used to prescribe and apply the proper techniques in preparing a human body for funeralization. Various intrinsic and extrinsic factors that influence the embalming analysis will be discussed. A detailed study of the recommended procedures for embalming a normal body is presented, to include the posing of the mouth and eyes. The student is also exposed to the methods by which the strength, volume, and temperature of the arterial fluid is calculated for normal cases as well as emaciated and edematous remains.
The quarter continues with a discussion of the proper manner in which arteries and veins are raised, incised, and ligated to permit the introduction of arterial fluids or the drainage of blood. The discussion will include recommendations regarding injection pressure and rate of flow. The various methods by which arterial fluid is introduced into the body tissues by processes such as distribution, diffusion, osmosis, and dialysis are presented. Recommended procedures for the proper embalming of infants and ship-out cases will be discussed. The student will be exposed to the various methods used for venous drainage, cavity treatment, controlling purge, and the embalming of the autopsied case. Prerequisite: PHT 314
In this lecture class, the student of funeral service is introduced to the basic principles of restorative art. Detailed emphasis is placed on those facets of human anatomy that are specifically responsible for physical characteristics common to the countenance of man, including the cranial and facial bones, muscles of facial expression, and unique facial markings .An examination of basic restorative concepts continues during this quarter of study, with emphasis placed upon the Canon of Beauty and its practical application to restorative procedures, and the proper analysis and interpretation of photographs and portraits. The quarter then focuses on a study of geometric head forms and profile views of importance to the restorative artist. Concluding the quarter, the students will study the principle of color theory and how it relates to cosmetic mediums used.
A laboratory environment is employed during this quarter to introduce the student of funeral service to practical restorative applications and modeling technique. Each facial feature is examined in depth, then carefully reproduced with restorative wax and instruments issued to the student.
Practical restorative applications form the basis of study during this quarter, with the special attention of the student directed to tissue preparation, restorative waxes and their application, and corrective as well as other non-wax treatments. Application to basic cosmetology is also examined during this quarter. A focus on basic techniques of cosmetic application through lecture and demonstration are an important part of this quarter of study. Specialized treatments, such as hypodermic tissue building, hair restoration, treatment of stains and discolorations, and special cases of significance to the restorative artist are carefully analysed.
In the laboratory setting, the student of funeral service will continue to perfect his or her skill in wax modelling and restorative techniques through practical applications. With professional cosmetics in the laboratory, the student is introduced to mixing, blending, and the application of cosmetics upon a specially designed cosmetic mask. To conclude the quarter, the student will complete his or her Senior Project resulting in the recreation of a face, from a photograph, with wax and a plastic skull that has been issued. This will include, all techniques learned. Prerequisite: PHT 524
In examining the importance of microbiology to funeral service practice, the student is introduced to basic vocabulary and concepts involving microorganisms, their structures, and activities necessary for their life. The relationship of microbiology to funeral service practice is further established by an analysis of infections and disease, and the body’s resistance to these. Specific types of microbes and the disease each may cause are also carefully examined.
The student of funeral service will be introduced to the divisions of the field of pathology as well as to the cause and nature of disease. The pathologic conditions associated with the skin, bones and joints, and blood and circulatory system will be examined, as well as the inflammatory, repair, and regenerative processes. The application to funeral service will be emphasized. The study of pathology continues to show its application to funeral service practice by examining the pathologic conditions associated with the digestive, respiratory, urinary, nervous, endocrine, and reproductive systems. A detailed discussion of neoplasms commonly found in the human body will conclude the course.
The student of funeral service begins the study of chemistry with a discussion of general concepts including properties of matter, atoms, elements and the periodic table. An overview of ionic and covalent compounds is followed by an investigation of selected elements and water. Acids, bases and the pH scale are examined. Solution chemistry and its application to mortuary science are explored in detail. This quarter of study concludes with an introduction to organic chemistry and chemical equations.
The study of chemistry and its application to funeral service practice continues with discussions of organic chemistry and the properties of various types of organic compounds. Chemicals used in embalming, such as formaldehyde, gluteraldehyde, phenol and various humectants are also analyzed. All the covered material is then culminated with an introduction to both biochemistry and embalming chemistry. Prerequisite: PHT 553
This end of program course is portfolio-based. Students will be asked to create a portfolio that assesses their various experiences within the program, reflects on their own performance during their time in the program, and give them tools to graduate and find employment within the funeral service profession.
In this course, the student of funeral service is introduced to the basic principles of accounting theory and its application to funeral home operations, with emphasis placed upon contemporary accounting terminology. The use of accounts, journals and ledgers, the mechanics of journalizing and posting, and the preparation of the trial balance and formal financial statements create the central theme of the course. The course concludes with an examination of accrual, modified cash, and cash basis accounting, depreciation and other adjustments, closing entries, accounting for cash, notes and interest, payroll taxes, and the application of modern payroll techniques.
Funeral Directing focuses on the basic duties, responsibilities and expectations of those people practicing funeral service. This includes notification of death, transfer of remains, conduct of the arrangement conference, prefunded/preplanned funerals, religious practices, fraternal funerals and military honors, shipment of remains, cremation, aftercare and regulatory and legislative compliance.
Funeral Merchandising is designed to introduce the funeral service student to the basics of merchandising as they apply to the funeral profession. Funeral providers as defined by the FTC in 1984 offer both service and merchandise. This course considers both service and merchandise as the products provided by funeral service practitioners. The course is divided into two main sections. The first covers construction and features of caskets, outer burial containers, and other funeral related products. The second section of the course examines methods of purchasing, pricing, display, and sale of funeral merchandise as well as funeral services. Prerequisite: BM 415
This course is a survey of the basic principles of Funeral Service Management. Emphasis is on general management technique and theory, employee motivation, hiring and training staff, and specific guidelines for funeral service management. Prerequisite: BM 513
This course of study emphasizes the role and function of the Funeral Director as an effective manager of a small business. Trends and activities of a typical small business, the problems and risks of small business ownership, buying a going concern versus building a new funeral home, as well as the economic contributions that small businesses provide for the economy are carefully examined. The student of funeral service explores the financial aspects of running a small business, including sources of funds, equipment and inventory requirements, advertising, sales promotions, and pricing policies and strategies. Factors involving the use of credit, insurance and risk management, cost analysis, and the recruitment and selection of personnel are also examined.
This course will introduce the student to the techniques of proper business communications, including written as well as public speaking. Appropriate communication terminology will be examined and the student will become familiar with the different types of letters, resumes and memos, as well as the different modes and types of public speaking and how to prepare for such occasions. The student will examine the ethics associated with communications and the funeral service profession in general. (4 hours lecture–discussion per week)
This course reviews all subject areas that have been covered during the funeral service curriculum. This is not only to prepare students for their comprehensive examinations at the end of the quarter, but also to help prepare those students who will go on to take the National Board Examination (NBE). The NBE is the nationally-recognized standard for FSE graduates.
This survey course deals with the development of the funeral service profession from primitive man to modern times. The ancient civilizations of Egypt, Greece, and Rome are studied and their contributions to funeral service practice are examined. The course concludes with a study of the professional association development in America during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
The Cremation and Burial Alternatives Curriculum focuses on the important considerations when working with those that choose cremation as a form of disposition. This includes proper identification, legal authorization, use of third party crematories, required forms, cremation containers, cremation merchandise, services in conjunction with cremation, arranging for the disposition of cremated remains, shipping cremated remains as well as FTC compliance and the history of cremation. Green funerals, cryonics and other alternative forms of disposition will also be discussed.
Topics covered include how funeral directors can facilitate grief coping, and the characteristics of the helping funeral director. Students will examine crisis intervention, aftercare, a funeral director’s own grief, and funeral service stress. Also included will be the varying definitions of counselling, the types and styles of counselling, grief counselling, the principles and procedures of counselling, the student will become more familiar with theorists such as Worden, Wolfelt, Rogers, and Stone. Prerequisite: SS 543.
The student of funeral service is introduced to the study of human behaviour as it pertains to the funeral service profession. The language and vocabulary of the sociologist relative to the structure of the family unit are examined. The past, present, and future of the funeral service profession as a care-giving activity are also explored.
Also included in this quarter are the development of ethics, the stages of ethics, and the differences between ethics and law are examined. Individual ethics, ethics in funeral directing, community relationships, ethics with regard to the deceased, ethics within a funeral service operation and ethics with regard to publicity are examined in this course. The course will conclude with a study of ethics with regard to pre-need and post-need care and colleague relationships.
This course of study examines the origins of the law, the functions of the court, civil and criminal actions, and business crimes and torts. Contracts and bailment are also examined. The course concludes by introducing the student of funeral service to personal property, negotiable instruments, real property, agency and employment, bankruptcy, defenses, and wills.
The student of funeral service is introduced to the statutory laws that pertain to the funeral service profession. The study of law governing the disposition of a dead human body, the rights, duties, and responsibilities of the funeral service practitioner, and federal laws and regulations pertaining to the funeral service industry are also examined. The course of study concludes with an examination of ethical practices in the funeral service profession. Prerequisite: PHT LER 413